Bibliothèque de l'Eglise apostolique arménienne - Paris - CONDER , Claude Rénier     Retour à l'Index des auteurs en anglais    Accueil des catalogues en ligne

Bibliothèque de l'Église apostolique arménienne - Paris
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Colonel Claude Régnier CONDER
( 1848 - 1910 )


Claude Regnier Conder was a descendent of the French-born Louis François Roubiliac, the foremost sculptor in Britain in the 18th century.
In June 1872, Lt. Claude Conder was appointed to the command of the Survey of Western Palestine in place of Captain Stewart, R.E., who had been taken ill with malaria. In 1874, following the death of his assistant, Mr. Charles Tyrwhitt-Drake, of malaria, he was joined by his friend, Lt. Kitchener Together with Sgts Black and Armstrong, R.E., they continued the work of the Survey until an attack on their camp at Safed. Both officers and several other members of the party were seriously injured, and the work of the Survey was halted until the Ottoman authorities had dealt with the ringleaders of the assault. Conder remained in Palestine during this period and then returned to England, bringing the maps and the information respecting the country which had been collected. He then prepared the material for publication which started in 1880 and continued until 1884.

In 1881 Captain Conder again took up duties for the PEF, rediscovering Kadesh in Syria and then beginning the survey of the country east of the Jordan. However, relations between Turkey and Britain were strained, and after only about 1000 sq. km had been surveyed, permission to continue was refused. As part of this exploration, Conder made a pioneering study of the late prehistoric megaliths, dolmens and other ancient remains in the area covered by his survey. Conder mastered Arabic, which he put to good use during his time in the Levant, and he studied several ancient languages of the region, including Altaic and Hittite, writing books on the subject.
Although his actual work in Palestine came to an end in 1882, Colonel Conder continued to study the geography, history, and archaeology of the country, and was the author of many books dealing with these subjects. He remained on the Executive Committee of the Fund until his death.
He retired to Cheltenham, where he died from a stroke in 1910. His wife Myra died in 1934 and is buried in the same grave as her husband

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 One Volume Commentary
Titre : One Volume Commentary / auteur(s) : Colonel Claude Régnier CONDER -
Editeur : Macmillan and Co, London
Année : 0000
Imprimeur/Fabricant : 
Description : 16 x 23,5 cm, 1092 pages, cartes
Collection :
Notes :
Autres auteurs :
Sujets : Bible
Lecture On-line : non disponible

Commentaire :


A few words will suffice to explain the purpose and plan of the present volume, which has been specially written to meet the wants of the ordinary Bible reader.
The Bible is the inspired record of God's gradual revelation of Himself, His Nature, Character, and Will,—a revelation made in the first instance to a people who were chosen to be the guardians of this treasure and to communicate it in due time to the rest of mankind,—a revelation consummated in the Person, Life, and Work of Jesus Christ. In this light it is regarded by at 'east a third of the human race, who have accepted it as a sure guide through time to eternity. It therefore demans and deserves constant and reverent study, which will be richly repaid by an ever-growing appreciation of its beauties, and t clearer perception of its spiritual power and truth.
Yet it is often forgotten that 1800 years have elapsed since the last pages of the Bible were written, that it deals with events of the remote past, with races moved by ideas and influenced by a civilization very unlike our ow-n. and that the language of its larger half has ceased to be a living speech f< i more than two thousand years. Even the translation which is in common use -the Authorised Version—was made 300 years ago, at a time when scholars had only just become conversant with Hebrew, and when no one thought of employing for critical purposes those ancient Versions, such as the Septuagint, which throw so much light on both text and interpretation. It is also only within recent years that travellers have familiarised themselves and others with Eastern scenes and customs, and have become acquainted with the literature, history, religion and archaeology of the nations connected with Israel.
It is therefore evident that the reader who possesses only the text of the Bible is greatly hampered by ignorance of the circumstances under which the various books were originally composed, the mental habits of the people to whom they were addressed, and the actual needs which they were' designed to meet. Oftentimes he fails to realise that the prophecy, psalm, or epistle was sent forth in response to contemporary circumstances, as urgent and vital as any «v experience. Hence arises an inadequate apprehension of the intense reality of the message delivered. Spiritual help may, no doubt, be derived from its perusal—that being the main purpose for which God's providence has preserved it,—but even this will be less efficacious than if there had been caught a more distinct echo of the original bearing and significance of the record.
The One Volume Commentary is an attempt to meet such needs as have been indicated, and to provide, in convenient form, a brief explanation of the meaning of the Scripture's. Introductions have been supplied to tin; various books, and Notes which will help to explain the principal difficulties, textual, moral or doctrinal, which may arise in connexion with them. A series of Articles has, also, been prefixed, dealing with the larger questions suggested by the Bible as a whole. It is hoped that the Commentary may lead to a perusal of many of the books of Holy Scripture which are too often left unread, in spite of their rare literary charm and abundant usefulness for the furtherance of the spiritual life.
The Authorised Version has been commented on as being still in general use, but pains have been taken to indicate the innumerable passages where the revised Version leads to a better understanding of the original.
In recent years much light has been thrown questions of authorship and interpretation, and the contributors to this volume have endeavoured to incorporate in it the most assured results of modern scholarship, whilst avoiding opinions of an extreme or precarious kind. Sometimes these results differ from traditional views, but in such cases it is not only hoped, but believed, that the student will find the spiritual value and authority of the Bible have been enhanced, rather than diminished, by the change.
The Editor desires to express his gratitude to the many well-known biblical scholars who have responded so readily to his appeal for help, and by their encouragement and contributions have made the production of the Commentary possible. He regrets that the problem of space, which has confronted him from beginning to end, has allowed him to assign to them only sufficient room for the briefest and simplest treatment of their several books.
For the conception and methods of the work the Editor is alone responsible. He has been induced to undertake the task from a belief that, notwithstanding the many commentaries in existence, there is still room for another more suited to the needs and means of the general public. To treat so vast a subject in so small a space must inevitably evoke criticism, but he trusts that even within the limits of a single volume, much will be found to remove difficulties, to strengthen faith, and to lead to a wider study and fuller comprehension of the Word of God.

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